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Англо-русский словарь

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by Truhachev (RU), Last modified: 2018-08-19, 01:06  Spam?  
 
1) The adjective сменный in the word combination "сменный офицер" derives from смена that also can mean  "duty" in the military parlance. In Russian they say i.g. " сменное дежурство" that means "shift" or" stand-by duty". That is why "сменный офицер'" will mean a "duty officer" or even an "officer of the day ".

It is so that the word "смена" has many senses and can mean:
change; changing; (замена) replacement; shift; (лошадей) relay, relief and other more.
See details here:https://translate.academic.ru/%D1%81%D0%BC%D0%B5%D0%BD%D0%B0/ru/en/

2) There is a difference between two verbs: развиваться ( to develop, to evolve; (прогрессировать) to progress, to advance, to be in progress )
See here: https://translate.academic.ru/%D1%80%D0%B0%D0%B7%D0%B2%D0%B8%D0%B2%...
and развеваться ( to flap, flutter (на ветру), fly, swing, tremble, wave (о флагах), waver (о флаге и т. п.), stream; 2) Naval: waft, wanton 3) waverer, flap about etc.) See here: https://translate.academic.ru/%D1%80%D0%B0%D0%B7%D0%B2%D0%B5%D0%B2%...

I hope I could help you
Andrey T.
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